Phishing scams are fraudulent messages which falsely appear as if they are coming from an authentic source. The primary motive of such messages is to direct you to any spoofed website or get your sensitive information out. The hackers then use this information to commit identity theft. These attempts are made to induce the reader or recipient to respond or click immediately by claiming that they will lose out on their sensitive data.
Types of Phishing Scams
There are two types of phishing scams – Spear Phishing and Whaling. They vary according to their complexity. It also depends on the attacker’s objective. Over the years, several types of phishing have come to the picture.
A phishing attack which is targeted towards a specific individual or an organization is considered a case of spear phishing. This kind of an attack is pointed and has a high level of success ratio as the hacker may go to the extent of gathering personal information in making the process look more original to the victim.
In order to combat such types of attacks, one must carefully hide or discard the information that could be used in such an attack. One must be aware of the data that is easily obtainable like bank details or other personal information. They must think before acting on random requests via email or phone.
Whaling is a type of phishing which is targeted at high level executives or other high profile targets in government or organization.
How to avoid phishing scams
There are ways by which you can prevent phishing attacks. Some of them are listed below for your reference:
- Do not open any link coming from an unauthentic email source.
- Don’t open the links of your banking site given in the email attachment. Rather you should directly go to the website.
- Keep your computer protected. There are internet security software in the industry which assure total quality and security of your system.
- Do not give away personal information on email
- Reject any news or email that you think is not coming from a legitimate source, and is risky.
With these tips you are sure to protect yourself from any kind of phishing attacks.